Highgrove Education


In this course, you will explore the topic of Thermodynamics beyond A-level. We will start by looking at the kinetic model, heat transfer and thermal equilibrium and then the laws of Thermodynamics. We will then discuss van der Waals gases, which is an improvement on ideal gases. We will learn about the concept of entropy and its importance. We will also look at the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution and link it to concepts that you will encounter in your A-level course. Finally, we will look at heat engines, in particular Carnot engines and the limit to efficiency.

Private Tuition

Key Information



Access Course Enrolment:
  • Enrolment in our pre-GCSE or pre-A level access course.
  • Access to our self-study materials and platform, live class lessons, and individual teacher support in Office Hours.
  • Weekly teacher-marked homework.
  • Half termly reports.
  • Support from our SENDCo for pupils with special educational needs or disabilities, including assessment for access arrangement entitlement.
  • Support with English for pupils whose first language is not English.
  • A Highgrove Education Office365 account, including Teams, SharePoint and a school email
TeacherDr Lampros Andrinopoulos, Physics and Mathematics Teacher
Course Length10 weeks 
Live LessonsOne 45-minute lesson per week
HomeworkApproximately half an hour a week 
Entry RequirementsPupils must be taking Physics at AS or A level, or pass an entry test to check their level of physics prior to joining this elective. 

Course Syllabus

Lesson 1Temperature, heat and the kinetic model 
Lesson 2Heat capacities and Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
Lesson 3Derivation of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
Lesson 4First law of Thermodynamics; adiabatic process for an ideal gas
Lesson 5Engines 
Lesson 6Second law of Thermodynamics and macroscopic interpretation of entropy 
Lesson 7Microscopic interpretation of entropy
Lesson 8Maxwell's demon and entropy
Lesson 9Thermodynamic variables
Lesson 10Third law of Thermodynamics

Teacher Profile

Dr Lampros Andrinopoulos studied a Master’s in Physics with Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London, where he also completed his PhD on dispersion interactions in density functional theory. He earned his teaching qualification (PGCE) in 2015 from Canterbury Christ Church University and has taught in a variety of schools since then, including Latymer, St Paul’s Girls’ School, and Harrow School Online.